Title IX was enacted by Congress in 1972 as part of the Education Amendments, focused on ensuring that no one in the United States would be subjected to sex discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving any type of federal financial assistance. Though best known for its influence in sports participation and scholarships, it is equally applicable to STEM participation and research supported by federal funds. Any institution receiving grant funding from federal agencies is required to comply with the rules of Title IX.
- The National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education released the Title IX at 45 report in 2017. The report includes a chapter on Title IX and STEM and a chapter on Career and Technical Education.
- SWE Magazine published an article in the 2017 special research issue focused on the progress made in STEM since Title IX was enacted.