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Brazil Scholarly Publications

Proportion and number of women researchers: In 2017, Elsevier analyzed the research output broken down by gender for different countries, including Brazil. The published report, Gender in the Global Research Landscape (2017) shows that overall, the number of researchers in Brazil has greatly increased from the period 1996-2000 to 2011-2015. Additionally, the proportion of women […]

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Brazil Undergraduate Education

The number of students enrolled and graduating from undergraduate programs in Brazil has increased from 2015 to 2017. Women represent about 57% of students enrolled in undergraduate programs and about 61% of students who graduate from these programs. Within engineering (referred to in Brazil’s reports as “production and construction engineering”), the number of admitted and […]

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Brazil Higher Education

According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, in 2016, women represented more than half of the Brazilian tertiary graduates across all levels of higher education. However, this percentage seems to lower as at each higher educational level, such that women represent about 61% of graduates at the Bachelor’s level while representing about 54% […]

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Brazil Science Career Expectations

Using 2015 PISA survey results, OECD published the brief report What kind of careers in science do 15-year-old boys and girls expect for themselves? (2017). Young adolescents from Brazil were surveyed about their science career expectations. For both boys and girls, a higher percentage of Brazilian students compared to the percentage of students from OECD […]

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Brazil High School Preparation

In the most recent OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) assessment conducted in 2015, 15-year-old students from Brazil participated. In both mathematics and science, Brazilian students’ average scores were lower than the average scores of students belonging to OECD countries. The average score of Brazilian boys was higher compared to the mean score of […]

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International Graduate Degrees

The National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018) show that from 2000 to 2014, there has been an increase across several countries in the number of engineering doctoral degrees. Since 2003, China outperforms the rest of the selected countries in the number of engineering doctoral degrees that are awarded, with 18,537 engineering doctoral degrees […]

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International Undergraduate Degrees

From 2000 to 2014, there has been a steady increase across several countries in the number of bachelor’s degrees or equivalent (termed “first university degrees” for international statistical comparisons) in engineering awarded as seen in the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018). While in 2014, the United States awarded 119,498 engineering degrees, China […]

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International Career Expectations

Using 2015 PISA survey results, OECD published the brief report What kind of careers in science do 15-year-old boys and girls expect for themselves? (2017). The OECD average expectations show almost parity between boys’ and girls’ expectations of a science career, in which about 25% of respondents from each gender expect a science career. Yet, […]

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India Faculty

The proportion of engineering faculty who were female in 2016-2017 academic year varied by the academic position held. Women were more highly represented in the lower faculty ranks, such as assistant professors and lecturers (MHRD, 2017). Percentage of Female Faculty, by Position, 2016-2017 Additional Resources MHRD (2017). All India Survey on Higher Education 2017. New […]

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India Graduate Education

The enrollment numbers in doctoral engineering and technology disciplines for the 2016-2017 academic year are similar to those found in undergraduate engineering and technology disciplines. For example, women are still underrepresented among students enrolled in doctoral degrees in mechanical engineering, comprising only 8.7% of these participants. The category of other engineering and technology disciplines has […]

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India Undergraduate Education

In the 2016-17 academic year, colleges approved by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) enrolled 717,506 undergraduate students. Of those students, 33.7% were female. More specifically, women represented 28.1% of participants in Bachelor of Engineering and Bachelor of Technology degree programs in the 2016-2017 school year. Although mechanical engineering enrolls the highest number […]

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India Degree Attainment

A study conducted by the Aspiring Minds organization in 2016 found that the gender gap in engineering colleges in India exists, but it is not as large as that found in other countries. However, this same study found that the ratio of male-to-female engineers in the workforce was much higher than that found in college, […]

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