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International Graduate Degrees

The National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018) show that from 2000 to 2014, there has been an increase across several countries in the number of engineering doctoral degrees. Since 2003, China outperforms the rest of the selected countries in the number of engineering doctoral degrees that are awarded, with 18,537 engineering doctoral degrees […]

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International Undergraduate Degrees

From 2000 to 2014, there has been a steady increase across several countries in the number of bachelor’s degrees or equivalent (termed “first university degrees” for international statistical comparisons) in engineering awarded as seen in the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018). While in 2014, the United States awarded 119,498 engineering degrees, China […]

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International Career Expectations

Using 2015 PISA survey results, OECD published the brief report What kind of careers in science do 15-year-old boys and girls expect for themselves? (2017). The OECD average expectations show almost parity between boys’ and girls’ expectations of a science career, in which about 25% of respondents from each gender expect a science career. Yet, […]

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India Faculty

The proportion of engineering faculty who were female in 2016-2017 academic year varied by the academic position held. Women were more highly represented in the lower faculty ranks, such as assistant professors and lecturers (MHRD, 2017). Percentage of Female Faculty, by Position, 2016-2017 Additional Resources MHRD (2017). All India Survey on Higher Education 2017. New […]

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India Graduate Education

The enrollment numbers in doctoral engineering and technology disciplines for the 2016-2017 academic year are similar to those found in undergraduate engineering and technology disciplines. For example, women are still underrepresented among students enrolled in doctoral degrees in mechanical engineering, comprising only 8.7% of these participants. The category of other engineering and technology disciplines has […]

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India Undergraduate Education

In the 2016-17 academic year, colleges approved by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) enrolled 717,506 undergraduate students. Of those students, 33.7% were female. More specifically, women represented 28.1% of participants in Bachelor of Engineering and Bachelor of Technology degree programs in the 2016-2017 school year. Although mechanical engineering enrolls the highest number […]

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India Degree Attainment

A study conducted by the Aspiring Minds organization in 2016 found that the gender gap in engineering colleges in India exists, but it is not as large as that found in other countries. However, this same study found that the ratio of male-to-female engineers in the workforce was much higher than that found in college, […]

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China Graduate Education

Since 2009, the number of engineering doctoral degrees awarded in China has been steady and under 20,000 (NSB, 2018). Among postgraduate master’s participants, women were well represented, comprising about 52.2% of students enrolled and 52.4% of degree holders. In 2015, women were underrepresented among enrolled doctoral students (37.9%) and doctoral degree holders (42%). In the […]

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China Undergraduate Education

In 2014, China had the highest number of first university engineering degrees awarded with over 1.13 million (NSB, 2018). These engineering degrees represented about 33% of the total first university (bachelor’s or equivalent) degrees awarded in China. In the Chinese Statistical Yearbook (2015) published by the National Bureau of Statistics of China, women were well-represented […]

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China Career Expectations

In the most recent PISA assessment (OECD, 2017), 15-year-old students from Macao, Hong Kong, and B-S-J-G regions were surveyed about their science career expectations. B-S-J-G (China) refers to the four PISA-participating municipalities/provinces in China: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Guangdong. In all of these three groups, a lower percentage of girls compared to boys have expectations […]

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China High School Preparation

In the most recent OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) assessment conducted in 2015, 15-year-old students from two regions of China, Hong Kong and Macau, participated. In the mathematics portion, students’ average score from both regions was higher than the average score of students belonging to OECD countries. The average mathematics score of girls […]

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Australia Engineering Workforce

AUSTRALIA ENGINEERING WORKFORCE: Women are severely underrepresented in the engineering workforce. In 2016, only 12.4% women comprised the engineering labor force, which is more than a percentage decrease since 2015. Moreover, the probability of remaining in their occupation is lowest among engineering women, specifically in two age groups: 25 to 34 and 55 to 64. […]

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