Minority-Serving Institutions

Minority-serving institutions, or MSIs, are an important part of higher education in the United States, graduating thousands of students who have historically been marginalized in our society. MSIs include Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs), and Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs). MSIs are predominately located in the western, southern, and eastern areas of the United States.

The Higher Education Act of 1965 defines an HBCU as any historically black college or university that was established before 1964 and whose principal mission is to educate Black Americans. This definition means that the number of HBCUs has not increased over time. HBCUs must be accredited or making progress towards accreditation. As of 2019,  there were 101 two-year and four-year HBCUs in the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Virgin Islands. Of these, 27 awarded bachelor’s degrees in engineering in the 2018-19 academic year.

TCUs are formally controlled or chartered by the governing body of a Native American tribe. Navajo Technical University is currently the only TCU that awards bachelor’s degrees in engineering, while others encourage their students to transfer to various four-year colleges to complete their degrees.

HSIs are accredited colleges and universities with 25% or more total undergraduate Hispanic full-time equivalent students enrolled. Changing demographics in the U.S. have led to more institutions identifying as HSIs every year. As of 2019, there were 569 two-year and four-year HSIs in the United States and Puerto Rico. Of these, 70 awarded bachelor’s degrees in engineering in the 2018-19 academic year.

The following table lists all of the MSIs that awarded at least one engineering bachelor’s degree in the 2018-19 academic year.

Engineering Bachelor’s Degrees Awarded at HBCUs, HSIs, and TCUs, by Number of Degrees Awarded to
Black, Hispanic, and American Indian/Alaska Native Women, 2018-19 Academic Year
MSI Designation Institution State Total Graduates (Men & Women) % Women American Indian or Alaska Native Women Black or African American Women Hispanic or Latino Women Total Black, Hispanic, Am Indian/Alaska Native Women
HSI University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez PR 428 27% 0 0 107 107
HSI Florida International University FL 629 24% 0 6 93 99
HSI The University of Texas at El Paso TX 470 20% 0 1 76 77
HSI University of Houston TX 700 27% 0 14 56 70
HSI California State Polytechnic University-Pomona CA 880 23% 0 2 60 62
HSI Universidad Politecnica de Puerto Rico PR 295 21% 0 0 61 61
HSI University of Central Florida FL 1032 18% 0 9 51 60
HSI The University of Texas at San Antonio TX 456 21% 2 6 43 51
HSI California State University-Long Beach CA 697 20% 0 0 50 50
HBCU North Carolina A & T State University NC 211 29% 0 48 1 49
HSI University of California-Irvine CA 907 24% 0 8 39 47
HSI CUNY City College NY 487 21% 0 8 36 44
HSI Texas A & M University-Kingsville TX 263 25% 0 3 41 44
HSI The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley TX 313 18% 0 1 41 42
HBCU Prairie View A & M University TX 172 28% 0 34 7 41
HSI Texas Tech University TX 879 18% 0 11 26 37
HSI San Jose State University CA 980 20% 0 6 29 35
HSI California State University-Fullerton CA 503 14% 0 2 32 34
HSI San Diego State University CA 714 18% 0 3 30 33
HSI University of California-Riverside CA 391 24% 0 5 25 30
HSI University of Illinois at Chicago IL 518 22% 0 10 20 30
HSI University of New Mexico-Main Campus NM 281 20% 2 0 28 30
HSI California State University-Los Angeles CA 322 16% 0 1 28 29
HSI University of California-Merced CA 296 21% 0 1 27 28
HSI New Mexico State University-Main Campus NM 333 14% 0 1 25 26
HSI The University of Texas at Arlington TX 513 19% 0 7 18 25
HBCU Morgan State University MD 175 15% 0 21 2 23
HSI California State University-Sacramento CA 436 17% 0 2 19 21
HBCU Tuskegee University AL 86 34% 0 19 0 19
HSI New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology NM 188 24% 1 1 17 19
HBCU Jackson State University MS 80 29% 0 18 0 18
HSI University of North Texas TX 305 16% 0 6 11 17
HSI Texas State University TX 170 22% 0 3 13 16
HBCU Alabama A & M University AL 67 22% 0 15 0 15
HSI California State University-Northridge CA 457 13% 0 4 11 15
HSI San Francisco State University CA 232 19% 0 2 11 13
HSI University of California-Santa Cruz CA 193 25% 0 0 13 13
HSI Florida Atlantic University FL 267 13% 0 2 11 13
HBCU Southern University and A & M College LA 53 25% 0 13 0 13
HBCU Howard University DC 69 32% 0 12 0 12
HBCU Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University FL 31 42% 0 12 0 12
HSI Universidad Ana G. Mendez-Gurabo Campus PR 126 9% 0 0 11 11
HSI Texas A & M International University TX 34 32% 0 0 11 11
HSI The University of Texas of the Permian Basin TX 84 14% 1 2 7 10
HSI University of California-Santa Barbara CA 268 20% 0 0 9 9
HBCU Tennessee State University TN 55 20% 0 8 0 8
HSI California Baptist University CA 95 25% 0 0 7 7
HSI Humboldt State University CA 50 30% 0 1 6 7
HSI University of Nevada-Las Vegas NV 137 19% 0 0 7 7
HSI College of Staten Island CUNY NY 63 25% 0 4 3 7
HSI Caribbean University-Ponce PR 25 28% 0 0 7 7
HSI St. Mary’s University TX 38 24% 0 0 7 7
HSI West Texas A & M University TX 82 22% 0 0 7 7
HBCU Virginia State University VA 21 33% 0 7 0 7
HSI California State University-Bakersfield CA 80 19% 1 1 4 6
HSI California State University-Fresno CA 223 13% 0 0 6 6
HBCU Delaware State University DE 17 47% 0 6 0 6
HSI Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Bayamon PR 52 12% 0 0 6 6
HBCU Texas Southern University TX 48 17% 1 3 2 6
HBCU Norfolk State University VA 19 32% 0 5 1 6
HSI Texas A & M University-Corpus Christi TX 82 20% 0 0 5 5
HSI California State University-Chico CA 226 9% 0 1 3 4
HSI University of Colorado Denver/Anschutz Medical Campus CO 179 15% 0 1 3 4
HBCU Benedict College SC 10 40% 0 4 0 4
HBCU Hampton University VA 7 57% 0 4 0 4
HSI Keiser University-Ft Lauderdale FL 26 15% 0 1 2 3
HBCU Central State University OH 9 33% 0 3 0 3
HBCU Claflin University SC 6 50% 0 2 1 3
HSI California State University-San Bernardino CA 32 16% 0 0 2 2
HSI Colorado State University-Pueblo CO 27 26% 0 0 2 2
HSI Rutgers University-Newark NJ 5 60% 0 2 0 2
HSI University of Houston-Clear Lake TX 36 19% 0 0 2 2
HBCU Alabama State University AL 1 100% 0 1 0 1
HSI Azusa Pacific University CA 6 17% 0 0 1 1
HBCU University of the District of Columbia DC 54 7% 0 0 1 1
HSI North Park University IL 8 25% 0 1 0 1
HBCU University of Maryland Eastern Shore MD 22 14% 0 1 0 1
HBCU Johnson C Smith University NC 3 33% 0 1 0 1
HBCU Saint Augustine’s University NC 2 50% 0 1 0 1
HSI Fairleigh Dickinson University-Metropolitan Campus NJ 20 15% 0 0 1 1
TCU Navajo Technical College NM 2 50% 1 0 0 1
HBCU Lincoln University PA 2 50% 0 1 0 1
HBCU South Carolina State University SC 5 40% 0 1 0 1
HSI Angelo State University TX 13 15% 0 0 1 1
HSI California Lutheran University CA 1 0% 0 0 0 0
HSI California State University-East Bay CA 44 7% 0 0 0 0
HSI Saint Mary’s College of California CA 5 20% 0 0 0 0
HSI Sonoma State University CA 20 25% 0 0 0 0
HSI Metropolitan State University of Denver CO 2 50% 0 0 0 0
HSI University of Bridgeport CT 34 12% 0 0 0 0
HBCU Bethune-Cookman University FL 1 0% 0 0 0 0
HSI Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico-Orlando FL 6 0% 0 0 0 0
HBCU Morehouse College GA 18 0% 0 0 0 0
HSI Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology NY 19 11% 0 0 0 0
HSI Caribbean University-Bayamon PR 5 0% 0 0 0 0
HSI Howard Payne University TX 6 17% 0 0 0 0
HSI Texas Lutheran University TX 5 0% 0 0 0 0
HSI University of the Incarnate Word TX 5 40% 0 0 0 0
Source: National Center for Education Statistics, IPEDS. Retrieved April 10, 2021.

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