Brazil Higher Education

According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, in 2016, women represented more than half of the Brazilian tertiary graduates across all levels of higher education. However, this percentage seems to lower as at each higher educational level, such that women represent about 61% of graduates at the Bachelor’s level while representing about 54% of graduates at the doctoral level. That same year, 11% of tertiary graduates in Brazil were reported to be in the field of engineering.

Tertiary graduation by Educational Level and Gender, Brazil, 2016

Brazil Higher Education

Source: OECD (2019), Tertiary graduation rate (indicator).

In the Science and Engineering Indicators 2018, science and engineering (S&E) degrees comprised about 19.2% of the 861,378 first university degrees awarded in Brazil in 2012. Engineering degrees represented slightly more than 7% of all first university degrees and 37% of all S&E first university degrees. Engineering doctoral degrees represented about 17% of all earned doctoral degrees in Brazil in 2012, and 31% of all S&E doctoral degrees.


First Science & Engineering University Degrees by Field, Brazil, 2012

Brazil Higher Education

Source: National Science Board. 2018. Science and Engineering Indicators 2018. NSB-2018-1.


Science & Engineering Doctoral Degrees by Field, Brazil, 2012

Brazil Higher Education

Source: National Science Board. 2018. Science and Engineering Indicators 2018. NSB-2018-1.


Additional Resources

  • National Science Board. 2018. Science and Engineering Indicators 2018. NSB-2018-1. Alexandria, VA: National Science Foundation. Available at https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/indicators/.
  • OECD (2019), Math performance and Science performance (PISA) (indicators). doi: 10.1787/91952204-en