From 2000 to 2014, there has been a steady increase across several countries in the number of bachelor’s degrees or equivalent (termed “first university degrees” for international statistical comparisons) in engineering awarded as seen in the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018). While in 2014, the United States awarded 119,498 engineering degrees, China leads in awarding first university engineering degrees among selected countries with more than 1 million.
In 2015, overall, less than 25% of bachelor’s degree or equivalent educational level graduates are from the fields of engineering, manufacturing, and construction. Moreover, among the countries presented in OECD’s (2017) Education at a Glance report, Mexico had the highest proportion of women (12%) with a Bachelor’s degree in engineering, manufacturing, and construction from the total number of women with the same educational level. Countries that had the lowest proportion of women graduating with a Bachelor’s degree in engineering, manufacturing, and construction from all women Bachelor’s degree graduates included United States and Luxembourg, each with 2%. The Science and Engineering Indicators (NSB, 2018) show that in 2014, across several countries, women represented less than half of first university engineering degree holders. For example, in the United States and in the United Kingdom, only about 20% of first university engineering degree holders were women. Australia and India had a higher proportion of women achieving the same feat, 27% and 32%, respectively, among first university engineering degree holders.
First University Degrees in Engineering of Selected Countries, 2014
Trends in First University Degrees in Engineering of Selected Countries, 2000-2014
Percentage of Bachelor’s Degree Graduates in Engineering, Manufacturing, and Construction, by Gender, 2015
First Engineering University Degree for Selected Countries, by Gender, 2014