United Kingdom Intentions to Major in Engineering

ENGINEERING CAREER EXPECTATIONS: The trend of young people who would consider a career in engineering seems to indicate an overall positive trend among all age groups from 2013 to 2017. Over the selected years, the proportion of students in middle adolescence (ages 14-16) who would consider an engineering career fluctuated more than the proportion of students in the other two age groups. Yet, all three age groups had a higher proportion of respondents that would consider an engineering career in 2017 than in 2013. It is important to note that as students get older, the proportion of students that would consider an engineering career decreases, and this is decline is true for both genders. Moreover, boys are more likely than girls to consider an engineering career and to want to become engineers across all age groups. In 2017, 38% of 11- to 14-year-old boys compared to 25% of 11- to 14-year-old girls want to become engineers. In the same year, among 16- to 19-year-olds, 12% of young women want to become engineers, which is less than half of young men that want to become engineers (32%).

Percentage of young people who would consider a career in engineering, by age group, 2013-2017

Percentage of young people who would consider a career in engineering, by age group, 2013-2017

Proportions of young people who would consider a career in engineering, by age group and gender, 2017

Proportions of young people who would consider a career in engineering, by age group and gender, 2017

Proportions of young people who want to become engineers, by age group and gender, 2017

Proportions of young people who want to become engineers, by age group and gender, 2017

Source: EngineeringUK. (2018). EngineeringUK 2018: The state of engineering.

INTENTIONS TO MAJOR IN ENGINEERING: Women are underrepresented among entrants in all engineering disciplines (EngineeringUK, 2018). Although over to 900 women enter mechanical engineering, they only represent 9.6% of the entrants in that discipline, which is the lowest female representation among all engineering disciplines. Still, while the discipline of chemical, process, and energy engineering has the highest female entrant representation, women comprise only 26.7% of the entrants in that discipline.

Percentage of female entrants in engineering first degrees, by discipline, 2015

United Kingdom Intentions to Major in Engineering

Source: EngineeringUK. (2018). EngineeringUK 2018: The state of engineering.