Over time, more females have entered STEM occupations. While the life sciences have seen an overall reduction in the gender gap, the percentage of women in engineering and computer science occupations has stagnated.
Sources: Corbett, C., & Hill, C. (2015). Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing. Washington, DC: American Association of University Women; U.S. Dept. of Labor, BLS: 11. Employed persons by detailed occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (2018) https://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat11.htm
The percentage of female engineers and computer professionals varies by specialization. Only 8% of mechanical engineers are female compared to 26% of environmental engineers. In the computer industry, only 19% of software developers and 21% of computer programmers are women.
Earning gap for women of Color in STEM: According to a recent report by the Pew Research Center, underrepresented minorities in STEM earn much less than their White counterparts. For instance, black women earn about 87% of white women’s salary and about 73% of white men’s salary. Hispanic women earn about 85% of white women’s salary and about 72% of white men’s salary.
Earning Gaps in STEM Workforce, by race/ethnicity and gender, 2014-2016
Source: Pew Research Center, January 2018. "Women and Men in STEM Often at Odds Over Workplace Equity."
SWE Efforts to Increase Representation of Women of Color in the Engineering and Computer Science Workforce
- Capitol Hill Day
- SWE Research on Women of Color in Early Career
- National Science Board. 2018. Science and Engineering Indicators 2018. NSB-2018-1. Alexandria, VA: National Science Foundation. Available at https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/indicators/.
- Corbett, C., & Hill, C. (2015). Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing. Washington, DC: American Association of University Women.
- Pew Research Center, January 2018. “Women and Men in STEM Often at Odds Over Workplace Equity.” Available at http://assets.pewresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2018/01/09142305/PS_2018.01.09_STEM_FINAL.pdf