Over time, more females have entered STEM occupations. While the life sciences have seen a reduction in the gender gap, the gap in engineering and computer occupations remains large.

Source: Corbett, C., & Hill, C. (2015). Solving the Equation: The Variables for Women’s Success in Engineering and Computing. Washington, DC: American Association of University Women.

The percentage of female engineers and computer professionals varies by specialization. Only 7% of mechanical engineers are female compared to 18% of industrial engineers and computer hardware engineers. In the computer industry, females are better represented, but still low.